By Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman was once thrust right into a task he neither sought nor sought after by means of a decision summoning him to the White condominium. There First girl Eleanor Roosevelt informed him that President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was once lifeless. hours later, with little formality, he used to be sworn into place of work. "I had come to determine the president," Truman recollects during this autobiography. "Now, having repeated that easily worded oath, i personally was once president."
With global battle II raging within the Pacific, the looming choice of even if to drop the atomic bomb, and probably intractable hard work concerns at domestic, no leader govt ever fell inheritor to this kind of burden on such brief discover.
This ebook is a useful checklist of Truman's tumultuous first yr in workplace, his early life in Missouri, and his upward push in politics. He stocks glimpses of his relatives lifestyles; clear-eyed value determinations of global leaders, together with Winston Churchill, Charles De Gaulle, and Joseph Stalin; and candid disclosures approximately history-making nationwide and foreign occasions.
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Additional info for 1945: Year of Decision (Memoirs, Volume 1)
Early students of the labor movement suggested that American workers were as influenced by classical liberal ideology as the conservative political elites who opposed redistributional social reforms. More recently, others have focused on how voluntarism served the interests of the labor leaders themselves and the white male craft workers they represented. 23 We will return to this issue in the conclusion. Suffice it to say here that the AFL's stance profoundly affected the political calculations of anyone interested in mobilizing popular support for more substantial public provision.
Already burdened by restrictions on the electorate, political movements that have attempted to rnobi- 32 Welfare As We Knew It lizc the bottom half of the society have had to struggle against enormous odds to win support from voters reluctant to abandon traditional partisan loyalties—and afraid that in doing so they would only help their political adversaries win. At the same time, one or another of the two major parties has usually sought to coopt protest. Reformers who have decided to work within the existing parties have typically found themselves forced to moderate their views arid negotiate with established elites, further reducing pressure on the system to make concessions.
In this way, American reformers have adapted to rather than changed fundamentally the environment in which they have acted. The next four chapters explore the consequences for welfare-state building in the United States. THREE Progressives The transition from agriculture to industry, arid from small-scale commercial enterprise to large-scale, corporate capitalism transformed the West in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Everywhere, reform movements emerged demanding that government tame these new social and economic forces.