By Maury Klein
The gigantic scale of worldwide battle II required a mobilization attempt more than whatever tried in all the world's historical past. the U.S. needed to struggle a struggle throughout oceans and 3 continents-and to take action it needed to construct and equip an army that was once all yet nonexistent earlier than the battle all started. by no means within the nation's background did it need to create, outfit, delivery, and provide large armies, navies, and air forces on such a lot of far-off and disparate fronts.
The Axis powers may have fielded larger proficient infantrymen, greater guns, higher tanks and airplane. yet they can no longer fit American productiveness. the US buried its enemies in airplane, ships, tanks, and weapons; during this feel, American undefined, and American staff, gained global warfare II. the dimensions of attempt was once tremendous, and the end result historical. not just did it make sure the result of the warfare, however it reworked the yankee financial system and society. Maury Klein's [i]A name to Arms[/i] is the definitive narrative historical past of this epic fight, informed by means of certainly one of America's maximum historians of industrial and economics, and renders the transformation of the US with a intensity and vividness by no means on hand earlier than.
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Extra info for A Call to Arms: Mobilizing America for World War II
63 Sensitivity towards the wider political and societal culture was especially marked in the Army, which had borne the brunt of Congressional fears of militarism from 1776 onwards (the Navy’s presence was less visible, less associated with threats to republican liberty, essential in support of trade, and thus regarded as less threatening). As a result, Army officers tended to be more sensitive to congressional and public moods than their naval counterparts. During the 1930s, for example, these views were overwhelmingly pacifistic, isolationist, and Anglophobic, and Army planners deliberately factored such views into their war planning and views of national policy.
In its preference for the use of overwhelming force unlimited by political considerations and constraints, it sought to achieve victory in the shortest time possible so that the republic could return to the ‘normal’ state of peace. As a discourse of military professionals, the absolutist conception of war thus sought to warn the republic against casual involvement in foreign military quarrels while ensuring that, once committed, the US would fight in a way that optimized republican strengths and minimized republican weaknesses.
Moreover, it depicted some elements of the US strategic community – above all the Strategic Air Command – more accurately than others – for example, the group of ‘neo-Clausewitzian’ civilian strategists discussed in the next chapter. Ironically, the latter group played no small part in tarring the traditional American way of war with the brush of apoliticism. Cold War realists and Limited War theorists interpreted earlier periods of US military history through the prism of the American strategy adopted in World War II, in an era when the logical culmination of that strategy appeared to have been realized in the terrifying prospect of ‘Massive Retaliation’.