Download Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the by Michael Scott-Baumann PDF

By Michael Scott-Baumann

This publication explores and analyzes the heritage of clash within the heart East from British rule within the early 20th century to the Iraq battle within the twenty-first century. The Arab-Israeli clash is the main target of this ebook however it additionally examines: Arab nationalism, specifically in Egypt and Syria; the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979; the factors and results of 3 wars related to Iraq; the expansion of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism within the center East.

Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and information written by means of examiners give you the chance to strengthen examination abilities.

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Extra resources for Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007

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King of Egypt overthrown by army officers: 1952 Nasser became President of Egypt: 1954 Soviet Union The name by which communist Russia was known from 1917 to 1991. Its official name was the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Colonel Nasser was one of the army officers who overthrew the unpopular royal government of Egypt in 1952. In 1954 he became President of Egypt. Nasser and the Egyptian revolution Gamal Abdul Nasser was one of a number of young officers who came from a poor background but had received an education and risen up through the ranks of the army.

At the UN, the Arab states condemned the Anglo-French action. They halted oil supplies to the West. Even worse for Britain was the fact that its strongest ally, the USA, condemned the action. The US government was furious that Britain and France had used force. The Americans believed the Anglo-French action would lose the support of Arab states at a time when the USA was keen to win and make friends in the Arab world. The US government threatened to cut off financial aid to Britain, which would ruin the economy.

The issue now at hand is not the Gulf of Aqaba, the Straits of Tiran, or the withdrawal of the UN forces, but the rights of the Palestine people. It is the aggression which took place in Palestine in 1948 with the collaboration of Britain and the United States. He demanded that Israel should allow the Palestinian refugees to return to Israel and that Israel should give up the land taken in the 1948–9 war. Perhaps he thought that Israel would give way and he could win a victory without a war. In Jordan, King Hussein wanted to avoid war and remain neutral if fighting broke out.

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