By David Goldfield
In this spellbinding new background, David Goldfield deals the 1st significant new interpretation of the Civil struggle period for the reason that James M. McPherson's Battle Cry of Freedom. the place earlier students have limned the battle as a triumph of freedom, Goldfield sees it as America's maximum failure: the results of a breakdown brought on by the infusion of evangelical faith into the general public sphere. because the moment GreatAwakening surged via the US, political questions turned issues of fine and evil to be fought to the dying.
The rate of that failure was once awful, however the carnage comprehensive what statesmen couldn't: It made the U.S. one state and eradicated slavery as a divisive strength within the Union. The successful North grew to become synonymous with the United States as a land of innovation and industrialization, whose teeming towns provided squalor and chance in equivalent degree. faith used to be supplanted via technology and a gospel of development, and the South used to be left in the back of.
Goldfield's panoramic narrative, sweeping from the 1840s to the top of Reconstruction, is studded with memorable info and luminaries comparable to HarrietBeecher Stowe, Frederick Douglass, and Walt Whitman. There are lesser recognized but both compelling characters, too, together with Carl Schurz-a German immigrant, warhero, and postwar reformer-and Alexander Stephens, the urbane and highbrow vice chairman of the Confederacy. America Aflame is a brilliant portrait of the "fiery trial"that remodeled the rustic we are living in.
David Goldfield is the Robert Lee Bailey Professor of heritage on the collage of North Carolina, Charlotte. he's the writer of many works on Southern background, together with Still combating the Civil War; Black, White, and Southern; and Promised Land.
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Additional resources for America Aflame: How the Civil War Created a Nation
It was expanded to cover civil wars. Fears that the spread of war would hamper the delicate revival of American commerce led to considerable debate about the issue of trade embargoes. Financier Bernard Baruch and others advanced the “cash-and-carry” idea, and this was incorporated in the legislation. In order to prevent American ships from being caught up in war, belligerents would be allowed to trade with American companies in items other than munitions, but they would have to carry them from American ports in their own vessels.
During 1919–20, the first American “red scare” took place, in which radicals were arrested and some were deported. In 1921, immigration quotas were introduced. This departure from the tradition of welcoming immigrants reflected the inward-looking tendencies of the postwar era, drawing on nativist and racist elements and reflecting public anxiety over job losses during the sharp recession into which the nation’s economy plunged after 1919. The United States ceased to present itself to the world as a haven for the persecuted.
Partly these were a response to the even more radical ideas for a new world order coming from the Bolshevik regime that had just seized power in Russia. Partly they were to give a moral gloss to the cause of America and its associates. The central point for Wilson was his plan for a League of Nations. This world organization would be a forum for settling disputes. Nations would disarm, and any nation committing aggression rather than agree to the League’s arbitration would be subject to condemnation by world opinion.