By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to vulnerable forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those concepts are torture, and they're felony within the United States.
Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy historical past of U.S. torture. He indicates how those techniques grew to become common perform in today's battle on terror. at the start, the CIA established their concepts at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of bucks have been spent learning, refining, then instructing those thoughts to interrogators charged with preserving communism at bay. They produced strategy manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the USA, and in different places. because the chilly battle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to get rid of their use. After September 11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy fighters detained in America's significant gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the reformatory at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation tools violate greater than overseas legislation and primary human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
Read Online or Download American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond PDF
Best united states of america books
The upward push of China as an excellent energy in East Asia, the go back of the Kuomintang (Nationalist occasion) because the ruling political celebration in Taiwan, and new pressures on America’s routinely dominant place within the sector create a crossroads within the family members among the USA, China and Taiwan. This well timed e-book examines the heritage, present matters, and destiny probabilities for this triangular dating, within which geostrategic pursuits grapple with the ideological conflict among democracy and authoritarianism, the query of sovereignty over Taiwan, and Taiwan’s personal contested id. At stake is not just Taiwan’s future but in addition US-China kin.
This can be a booklet approximately ecosystems: the ways that we understand them, conceptualize them,protect them, and manage them. Ecosystems were given huge awareness inrecent literature, and with sturdy cause. Our becoming comprehension of irreplaceable andimperiled atmosphere providers has made it transparent that we're in the course of an ecological challenge.
The election of Barack Obama as President of the U.S. is a defining second in American historical past. After years of failed guidelines and failed politics from Washington, this can be our probability to reclaim the yankee dream. Barack Obama has confirmed to be a brand new form of leader–one who can carry humans jointly, be sincere concerning the demanding situations we are facing, and circulation this country ahead.
Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A background Of Philosophy has journeyed a long way past the modest objective of its writer to common acclaim because the most sensible historical past of philosophy in English.
Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of sizeable erudition who as soon as tangled with A. J. Ayer in a fabled debate in regards to the lifestyles of God and the opportunity of metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient vitamin of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with so much of history's nice thinkers was once diminished to simplistic caricatures. Copleston got down to redress the incorrect by way of writing an entire historical past of Western philosophy, one crackling with incident and highbrow pleasure -- and person who supplies complete position to every philosopher, featuring his proposal in a superbly rounded demeanour and displaying his hyperlinks to people who went earlier than and to those that got here after him.
The results of Copleston's prodigious labors is a heritage of philosophy that's not likely ever to be handed. idea journal summed up the overall contract between students and scholars alike whilst it reviewed Copleston's A heritage of Philosophy as "broad-minded and goal, complete and scholarly, unified and good proportioned. .. we won't suggest [it] too hugely. "
- 48 Hours in New Orleans
- Deciding the Next Decider: The 2008 Presidential Race in Rhyme
- Democracy Incorporated: Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism
- American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War On America
Extra resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
Agency employees, alongside undercover officers of the Bureau of Narcotics, also conducted LSD testing. In 1953, Gottlieb contacted George Hunter White, a narcotics officer for the bureau—today known as the Drug Enforcement Agency—who had conducted smallscale drug research during World War II. During the war, White was a lieutenant with the Office of Strategic Services, the military predecessor to the CIA. In August 1943,White rented a room at the Belmont Plaza Hotel in New York and distributed THC-laced cigarettes to seven military officers, and, according to White, to a ‘well-known New York hoodlum’.
Isolation, they discovered, was only one part of the puzzle. Hinkle and Wolff found that the basis of the communist interrogation system lay in emotional exploitation framed by anxiety, fear and brutality. In parts, their report reads like Koestler’s Darkness at Noon or Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Hinkle and Wolff recount in meticulous detail how in communist states a sudden abduction at night marked the start of a long and gruelling interrogation process. Often seized without explanation, the prisoners were then left alone in solitary confinement for weeks in a cell measuring no more than Otterman - American Torture PAGE47 47 15/12/06 10:22:24 AM 48 Ame rican Torture two by three metres.
D. Public disclosure of some aspects of MKULTRA activity could induce serious adverse reaction in US public opinion, as well as stimulate offensive and defensive action in this field on the part of foreign intelligence services. LSD was used extensively in early MKULTRA research. In addition to the drug being tested on voluntary subjects at universities and hospitals across the USA, under MKULTRA countless numbers of unsuspecting civilians were dosed as well. MKULTRA’s subjects Otterman - American Torture PAGE25 25 15/12/06 10:22:20 AM 26 Ame rican Torture included ‘informers or members of suspect criminal elements’ as well as ‘individuals at all social levels, high and low, native American and foreign’.